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In recent years the world has moved sharply toward successive strengthening –
and harmonization – of intellectual property protection. There has emerged, at
an unprecedented level, both a globalized regime of private rights in information and new foundations for a basic international system of innovation. This
new system will have profound implications for the nature of such processes as
innovation, technology transfer, market competition, and economic development. It also raises essential and sometimes disturbing questions about potential impacts on the ability of governments to provide critical public goods, both
within and across countries. Such goods include public health, nutrition,
education, environmental protection, cultural identity, and other elements of
social importance that must rely increasingly on the exercise of private rights
over technical inputs.
It is possible that the globalized intellectual property regime will improve
markets for trading information internationally by encouraging invention and
resolving inherent failures in technology transactions. It is also conceivable that
the system will throw up high roadblocks in the path of follow-on innovation,
competition, and the attainment of public goods. These questions are deep and
complex and require sustained analysis.
The clear difficulties of this task constitute one of the main reasons that the
editors of this volume decided to organize the Conference on International
Public Goods and Transfer of Technology under a Globalized Intellectual
Property Regime in April 2003 at Duke University.
1
This was a major attempt
to subject the complex conceptual foundations of the changing worldwide
intellectual property regime to systematic legal and economic analysis.
The conference brought together a distinguished group of economists,
political scientists, and legal experts to assess the public processes and inputs
they deemed likely to become indispensable in a transnational system of
innovation that, while still dependent on territorial law, must aim to promote
technical progress, economic growth and welfare for all participants. The … http://bilder.buecher.de/zusatz/21/21921/21921153_vorw_1.pdf

 

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